Nearby in Trench 4 another team did make a very significant discovery. They found an example of monastic land reclamation with soils from the early medieval period being spread over a peat bed probably to create additional farmland near to the monastic buildings which later became Monk Fryston Hall. We came to this conclusion because the soil contained a good selection of early medieval Northern Grittyware pot sherds but analysis revealed that this soil type was formed over limestone NOT the peat which it overlaid.
Aaron’s discovery in the lowest surface was what initially appeared to be pottery embedded in the road. After close examination and discussion with Site Archaeologist Simon Tomson, they carefully excavated the pieces to discover that the pottery were actually fragments, some glazed, of Humberware Tiles which were probably made at West Cowick and transported by water to Fryston to be used in the Monks chapel at the Hall which is recorded in the 1320 manor survey document.
The excellent example of stratification (layering) in the sondage(Test pit) also shows the remains of the Victorian building foundations.